DATA SCIENCE WORKSHOP: Cervical Cancer Classification and Prediction Using Machine Learning and Deep Learning with Python GUI
This book titled ” Data Science Workshop: Cervical Cancer Classification and Prediction using Machine Learning and Deep Learning with Python GUI” embarks on an insightful journey starting with an in-depth exploration of the dataset. This dataset encompasses various features that shed light on patients’ medical histories and attributes. Utilizing the capabilities of pandas, the dataset is loaded, and essential details like data dimensions, column names, and data types are scrutinized. The presence of missing data is addressed by employing suitable strategies such as mean-based imputation for numerical features and categorical encoding for non-numeric ones.
Subsequently, the project delves into an illuminating visualization of categorized feature distributions. Through the ingenious use of pie charts, bar plots, and heatmaps, the project unveils the distribution patterns of key attributes such as ‘Hormonal Contraceptives,’ ‘Smokes,’ ‘IUD,’ and others. These visualizations illuminate potential relationships between these features and the target variable ‘Biopsy,’ which signifies the presence or absence of cervical cancer. Such exploratory analyses serve as a vital foundation for identifying influential trends within the dataset.
Transitioning into the core phase of predictive modeling, the workshop orchestrates a meticulous ensemble of machine learning models to forecast cervical cancer outcomes. The repertoire includes Logistic Regression, Decision Trees, Random Forests, Support Vector Machines (SVM), K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN), Gradient Boosting, Naïve Bayes, and the power of ensemble methods like AdaBoost and XGBoost. The models undergo rigorous hyperparameter tuning facilitated by Grid Search and Random Search to optimize predictive accuracy and precision.
As the workshop progresses, the spotlight shifts to the realm of deep learning, introducing advanced neural network architectures. An Artificial Neural Network (ANN) featuring multiple hidden layers is trained using the backpropagation algorithm. Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) networks are harnessed to capture intricate temporal relationships within the data. The arsenal extends to include Self Organizing Maps (SOMs), Restricted Boltzmann Machines (RBMs), and Autoencoders, showcasing the efficacy of unsupervised feature learning and dimensionality reduction techniques.
The evaluation phase emerges as a pivotal aspect, accentuated by an array of comprehensive metrics. Performance assessment encompasses metrics such as accuracy, precision, recall, F1-score, and ROC-AUC. Cross-validation and learning curves are strategically employed to mitigate overfitting and ensure model generalization. Furthermore, visual aids such as ROC curves and confusion matrices provide a lucid depiction of the models’ interplay between sensitivity and specificity.
Culminating on a high note, the workshop concludes with the creation of a Python GUI utilizing PyQt. This intuitive graphical user interface empowers users to input pertinent medical data and receive instant predictions regarding their cervical cancer risk. Seamlessly integrating the most proficient classification model, this user-friendly interface bridges the gap between sophisticated data science techniques and practical healthcare applications.
In this comprehensive workshop, participants navigate through the intricate landscape of data exploration, preprocessing, feature visualization, predictive modeling encompassing both traditional and deep learning paradigms, robust performance evaluation, and culminating in the development of an accessible and informative GUI. The project aspires to provide healthcare professionals and individuals with a potent tool for early cervical cancer detection and prognosis.